Echoes of the Arctic Sea

Writing à propos of Thomas Berglund’s recent article in Svenska Dagbladet on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the Treaty of Fredrikshamn, at which Sweden had to sign away its territories east of the Gulf of Bothnia to Imperial Russia (Berglund calls it a “national trauma”), Tobias Ljungvall looks back on some of the less well-known aspects of the Finnish independence struggle. He discusses the role of a later independence activist, the writer and revolutionary Konni Zilliacus the elder (1855-1924), whose life, Tobias says, “ought to deserve a film or television series”. Zilliacus, the author of such venerable but probably now little-read works as Det revolutionära Ryssland, Från ofärdstid och ofärdsår, Korruptionen i Ryssland, and Moskoviter och finnar, was actively involved in the so-called “Grafton Affair” , which involved an unsuccessful attempt to smuggle arms to the Finnish resistance by ship along the Baltic in 1905.

The comments to Tobias’ post make rather sad reading: someone has posted part of Silmien Välliin, a Finnish wartime song from 1942, which talks of “shooting the Russians between the eyes”, and another (Russian?) commenter has responded with what purports to be a Russian translation of the song’s words, but is in fact a totally different text accusing Finns of racism and Nazi sympathies.

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